Osgood-Schlatter’s Disease in simple terms can be seen as a bump just below the knee that causes pain with activity and generally occurs in children between the ages of 9-14 years of age but there is so much more to this disease.
Osgood-Schlatters can be seen as the most common cause of pain
This disease occurs in the growth plate of some growing children and occurs when there is a sudden growth spurt during puberty but the plus side is it generally goes away on its own after the child stops growing and most often has no lasting effects on the individual when they become adults.
A growth plate can be seen as layer of cartilage that is situated near the end of a bone and it is here that most of the bone growth occurs. Growth plates are not as strong as bones are and due to this they are more prone to injury. Osgood-Schlatter disease is when there is swelling, inflammation and irritation of the growth plate that is situated at the top of the shinbone just under the knee. When a growth spurt occurs, bone, muscles, ligaments and tendons all grow at different rates, and with Osgood-Schlatters the tendon pulls on the growth plate causing pain and inflammation in the area and when this continues to occur it can cause injury to the growth plate, thus causing pain in the area.
The pain is worsened by activities such as running and jumping and it can be seen as an overuse injury – when a child does the same movement over and over again. This type of disease needs to be diagnosed from a medical professional and generally includes an exam and most often an x-ray to rule out any other injuries being present.
Because this is an injury that occurs with children only, the treatment of this can be tricky, generally the most common form of treatment can be seen as rest from the activity, ice after any activity and in some cases, some form of anti-inflammatory medication (this is often only in worst case scenario due to it being children). Many o a time some rest off activity or limiting the time playing a sport can help reduce the symptoms, some pain is ok but if the pain causes any limping or reduction in movement, it is generally recommended that they stop the activity for a while.
Seeking assistance from a qualified biokineticist can assist in the stretching and strengthening of the legs while they are taking a break from specific sport and activity.