Non-specific lower back pain is the term used to describe lower back pain an individual experiences that has no specific pathology that can be attributed to the cause. It is one of the most common forms of lower back pain, with a vast majority of acute back pain individuals being classified as “non-specific”. This form of lower back pain is classified into 3 sub categories (acute, sub-acute & chronic), depending on the duration of pain.
In order for an individual to be classified as “non-specific”, the medical practitioner is confident there are no serious spinal conditions associated with the pain based on the clients’ history of events and physical examination. According to the NICE, no imagery (X-ray or MRI) is necessary if the medical practitioner is satisfied that there are no signs and symptoms present that could represent any serious underlying causes. Some signs and symptoms to look out for that may indicate a more serious cause (red flags):
Because there is no known pathological cause, treatment of this condition includes patient education, pain reduction, analgesic medicines and encouragement of physical activity. The prognosis for individuals experiencing non-specific lower back pain is good with most recovering within in a few weeks.